Investigations and tests for cancer

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Contents and links: MRI | CT | Ultrasound | Bone scan | Bone density | PET | Bronchoscopy | Colonoscopy  | Cystoscopy | Mammogram | Breast ultrasound  | Triple assessment | Breast MRI | Cancer markers | PSA | HER2 | Oestrogen receptor |

Your doctor may recommend a number of tests before, during and after cancer treatment. These can take the form of blood test, x-rays, CT, MRI scans or nuclear medicine scans such as bone or PET scans or even scopes and further examinations under anaesthetic including biopsies of suspicious areas. As  a general rule tests should only be performed if the result will change the management of the patient. Test are generally performed for the following reasons:-


 Before treatment

The histology* This is what the cancer looks like down a microscope. the pathologist is able to tell the surgeons and oncologist a range of factors which predict prognosis and guide future treatments. In summary they include:

During treatment

After treatment


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