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Bladder Cancer

     Treatment options and lifestyle choices


Types of bladder cancer | Stage | TreatmentsLocal resection | BCG into bladderChemotherapy into bladder | Surgery | Radiotherapy | General chemotherapy | Quit smoking
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Bladder cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the bladder - organ which stores the urine produced by the kidneys before it is passed out of the body. 

Presenting symptoms: Possible symptoms of bladder cancer include blood in the urine, pain and trouble passing water (find out more).

UK incidence: 10,200 new cases and 4800 people die per year in the UK with a lifetime risk of 3%.

Types: The types of bladder cancer are more common transitional cell carcinoma then squamous cell or adenocarcinoma: (find out more).

Risks factors: In most cases there are usually no predisposing risk factors but there is some evidence of associations with a previous poor diet, smoking, alcohol, industrial exposure to dyes or chemicals or infection with a parasite (find out more).

Tests to determine a diagnosis and help decide on treatment options: Pelvic examination, blood tests, ultrasound of kidneys, MRI or CT scan, cystoscopy and biopsy (find out more)

What determines what treatment to use and whether it will be successful (prognosis):-

  • The stage of the disease (whether it is superficial, invasive into the bladder wall or spread to other places in the body). The disease in the early stages can often be cured.
  • The type of  cells and how aggressive they look under a microscope (grade).
  • The age and general health.

Treatment options (find out more):-

Treatment for the disease depends on its stage , type, and the patient's age and overall health. It may be classed as radical - aiming to cure or palliative - aiming to control symptoms. Options, often in combination include:-

Further information The book Lifestyle After Cancer summarises the lifestyle evidence from around the world and provides practical advice for all stages in the cancer journey. A detailed film  explains Radiotherapy & Chemotherapy and shows real patients on treatment describing their experiences. Cancernet.co.uk is a comprehensive cancer information resource written by an experienced team of doctors, health professionals and patients. It contains links and information on:  Specific cancers Breast | Prostate | Bladder | Bowel.   Cancer treatmentsChemotherapy | Radiotherapy | Hormones | Biological agents | Complementary therapies |  Lifestyle and cancerExercise | Diet | Smoking | Sunbathing | Alcohol |Tips to help with symptoms and side effects | Financial issues | Traveling issues | Travel insurance | Links to support groups | Books | Tests for cancer | Clinical trials | What is cancer | How to avoid cancer



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